Mac

From Alessandro's Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search

Apple tricks


Time machine

  • enable network volumes:
defaults write com.apple.systempreferences TMShowUnsupportedNetworkVolumes 1
  • create file on shared directory
touch .com.apple.timemachine.supported
  • avaho notification for bonjour:

write a file named afpd.service in: /etc/avahi/services

<?xml version="1.0" standalone='no'?><!--*-nxml-*-->
<!DOCTYPE service-group SYSTEM "avahi-service.dtd">
<service-group>
<!-- Customize this to get a different name for your server in the Finder. -->
<name replace-wildcards="yes">%h server</name>
<service>
<type>_device-info._tcp</type>
<port>0</port>
<!-- Customize this to get a different icon in the Finder. -->
<txt-record>model=PowerMac11,2,Quad</txt-record>
<!-- <txt-record>model=RackMac</txt-record> -->
</service>
<service>
<type>_afpovertcp._tcp</type>
<port>548</port>
</service>

</service-group>

  • icons for bonjour, check in this file (better with xcode)
strings /System/Library/CoreServices/CoreTypes.bundle/Contents/Info.plist|less

Bonjour

  • list AFP hosts in network
dns-sd -B _afpovertcp._tcp .
  • list SSH available hosts
dns-sd -B _ssh._tcp .

example

  • ssh to a bonjour host
mac1:~ user$ dns-sd -B _ssh._tcp .
Browsing for _ssh._tcp
Timestamp     A/R Flags if Domain                    Service Type              Instance Name
10:21:16.447  Add     2  4 local.                    _ssh._tcp.                xsysadmin
10:21:16.452  Add     2  4 local.                    _ssh._tcp.                v2_ video edit
10:21:16.458  Add     2  4 local.                    _ssh._tcp.                x’s Mac Pro
  • remove spaces with '-' and add .local at the end
mac1:~ user$ ssh v2-video-edit.local

Rsync

  1. create /etc/rsyncd.conf (file 1)
  2. create /etc/rsyncd.secrets (file 2)
  3. create /Library/LaunchDaemons/rsyncd.plist
  4. reboot
  • file 1 (rsyncd.conf)
[Users]
path = /Users
comment = User files
auth users = backuppc
secrets file = /etc/rsyncd.secrets
hosts allow = 192.168.0.1/32     CHANGE THIS!
strict modes = false
read only = true
list = false
  • file 2 (rsyncd.secrets)
backuppc:chosenpassword         CHANGE THIS!
  • file 3 (rsyncd.plist)
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE plist PUBLIC "-//Apple Computer//DTD PLIST 1.0//EN" "http://www.apple.com/DTDs/PropertyList-1.0.dtd">
<plist version="1.0">
<dict>
        <key>Disabled</key>
        <false/>
        <key>Label</key>
        <string>rsync</string>
        <key>Program</key>
        <string>/usr/bin/rsync</string>
        <key>ProgramArguments</key>
        <array>
                <string>/usr/bin/rsync</string>
                <string>--daemon</string>
        </array>
        <key>inetdCompatibility</key>
        <dict>
                <key>Wait</key>
                <false/>
        </dict>
		<key>Sockets</key>
		<dict>
			<key>Listeners</key>
			<dict>
				<key>SockServiceName</key>
				<string>rsync</string>
				<key>SockType</key>
				<string>stream</string>
			</dict>
		</dict>
</dict>
</plist>

scutil

  • scutil is a sort of console for configuration and status of the system (just found out this command, I'll do further documentation)

network behavior

  • prevent creating files (like .DS_store apple double atc.) in network mounted shares.
defaults write com.apple.desktopservices DSDontWriteNetworkStores true

name servers

  • Purge dns cache ( or empty dns history, clear dns cache)
Leopard
dscacheutil -flushcache
Tiger
lookupd -flushcache

un-hide Library folder

chflags nohidden ~/Library

Routes

route add 192.168.100.0/24 192.168.0.1
route monitor
got message of size 136  Fri Jan 25 19:22:12 2013
RTM_DELETE: Delete Route: len 136, pid: 0, seq 0, errno 0, flags:<CLONING,STATIC,CONDEMNED>
locks:  inits: 
sockaddrs: <DST,GATEWAY,NETMASK>
 192.168.82.0  (255) ffff ffff ff
 
got message of size 80 on Fri Jan 25 19:22:12 2013
RTM_DELADDR: address being removed from iface: len 80, metric 0, flags:<UP,CLONING>
sockaddrs: <NETMASK,IFP,IFA,BRD>
 255.255.255.0 en1:7c.d1.c3.71.d0.ce 192.168.82.123 192.168.82.255
 
got message of size 80 on Fri Jan 25 19:22:12 2013
RTM_NEWADDR: address being added to iface: len 80, metric 0, flags:<CLONING>
sockaddrs: <NETMASK,IFP,IFA,BRD>
 255.255.255.0 en1:7c.d1.c3.71.d0.ce 192.168.82.123 192.168.82.255

disks

  • show disk partitions
 sudo diskutil list
/dev/disk0
   #:                       TYPE NAME                    SIZE       IDENTIFIER
   0:      GUID_partition_scheme                        *121.3 GB   disk0
   1:                        EFI                         209.7 MB   disk0s1
   2:                  Apple_HFS Macintosh HD            121.0 GB   disk0s2


NFS on Mac

  • become root
sudo -s
  • example:
mkdir /mountpoint
mount_nfs -o resvport 192.168.0.1:/mountpoint /mountpoint